2017-11-22 00:45 KST  
  RSS
Global Voices Online - The world is talking. Are you listening?
JapanFocus
OhmyNews International Talk Back Board
Subject : Bush challenges traditional mathematics
Name : Euclid Date : 2005-08-17 05:38  View : 5826  : 6  : 13  
Crawford Texas - Mathematicians and educators across the nation were stunned and infuriated after President signed a bill into law yesterday redefining pi, a mathematical constant used around the world. The bill to change the value of pi to exactly three was introduced without fanfare by Tom Delay (R, Texas), and rapidly gained support after a letter-writing campaign by members of the Solomon Society, a traditional values group.

The law took the mathematical community by surprise. "It would have been nice if they had consulted with someone who actually uses pi," said Marshall Borgman, a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) . According to Bergman, pi is a Greek letter that signifies the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter. It is often used by engineers to calculate missile trajectories.

Prof. Kim Hanson, a mathematician from University of Washington, said that pi is a universal constant, and cannot arbitrarily be changed by lawmakers. Johanson explained that pi is an irrational number, which means that it has an infinite number of digits after the decimal point and can never be known exactly. Nevertheless, she said, pi is precisely defined by mathematics to be "3.14159, plus as many more digits as you have time to calculate".

"I think that it is the mathematicians that are being irrational, and it is time for them to admit it," said Delay. "The Bible very clearly says in I Kings 7:23 that the altar font of Solomon's Temple was ten cubits across and thirty cubits in diameter, and that it was round in compass."
Delay called into question the usefulness of any number that cannot be calculated exactly, and suggested that never knowing the exact answer could harm students' self-esteem. "We need to return to some absolutes in our society," he said, "the Bible does not say that the font was thirty-something cubits. Plain reading says thirty cubits. Period."

Science supports Delay, explains Dr. Bob Jones III, president of Bob Jones University (BJU) in South Carolina, who testified in support of the bill before Congress in May. "Pi is merely an artifact of Euclidean geometry." BJU researchers are working on a theory which he says will prove that pi is determined by the geometry of three-dimensional space, which is assumed by physicists to be "isotropic", or the same in all directions.
"There are other geometries, and pi is different in every one of them," says Jones. Scientists have arbitrarily assumed that space is Euclidean, he says. He points out that a circle drawn on a spherical surface has a different value for the ratio of circumference to diameter. "Anyone with a compass, flexible ruler, and globe can see for themselves," suggests Jones, "its not exactly rocket science."

Roger McLearned, a Solomon Society member who was in Washington to support the bill, agrees. He said that pi is nothing more than an assumption by the mathematicians and engineers who were there to argue against the bill. "These nabobs waltzed into the capital with an arrogance that was breathtaking," Learned said. "Their prefatorial deficit resulted in a polemical stance at absolute contraposition to the legislature's puissance."

Some education experts believe that the legislation will affect the way math is taught to America's children. Bush's Secretary of Education, Margaret Spellings, is anxious to get the new value of pi into math textbooks, but thinks that the old value should be retained as an alternative. She said, "As far as I am concerned, the value of pi is only a theory, and we should be open to all interpretations." She looks forward to students having the freedom to decide for themselves what value pi should have.

Many experts are warning that this is just the beginning of a global battle over pi between traditional values supporters and the technical elite. Solomon Society member McLearned agrees. "We just want to return pi to its traditional value," he said, "which, according to the Bible, is three."
 
66.91.116.*** Ralph [2005-08-18 16:33]
Intelligent designers like Delay, Bush, Rove, Rumsfeld can change any universal constant they want to.
158.158.240.*** calmj [2005-08-18 22:02]
Ok, it ain't funny.
158.158.240.*** KMan [2005-08-18 23:47]
false: http://www.snopes.com/religion/pi.htm
12.31.248.*** cranston36 [2005-08-19 01:51]
It's a hoax - though in 1897 the Indiana Legislature tried to redefine pi but the measure was defeated in the State Senate.
210.212.206.*** harsha [2005-08-19 03:55]
lol
190.73.92.*** Camden [2007-04-01 23:14]
Robert
222.221.6.*** bulka [2008-04-05 08:31]
ZMvldiHGdFXh
12.26.76.*** name [2008-04-22 08:06]
JGiMhAWc
190.48.16.*** ingiborishka [2008-04-26 10:27]
cMnEAhZWMZAYmOn
190.48.16.*** homerdien [2008-04-26 10:28]
cMnEAhZWMZAYmOn
164.100.150.*** name [2008-04-30 01:40]
KlhqqVEOyELZFJ
208.17.80.*** bacterial infection sympt [2008-05-05 23:39]
jehcDgumCLjapTo
208.17.80.*** worldwide flight tracking [2008-05-05 23:40]
jehcDgumCLjapTo
208.17.80.*** buffet clarinets [2008-05-05 23:40]
jehcDgumCLjapTo
208.17.80.*** conference room seating s [2008-05-05 23:40]
jehcDgumCLjapTo
208.17.80.*** material science [2008-05-05 23:40]
jehcDgumCLjapTo
124.109.130.*** Bridgestone [2008-05-11 17:08]
hwnYpOhO
65.212.180.*** Fence [2008-05-11 17:09]
hwnYpOhO
65.212.180.*** Carpet [2008-05-11 17:09]
hwnYpOhO
65.212.180.*** Clothes [2008-05-11 17:09]
hwnYpOhO
65.212.180.*** Cookware [2008-05-11 17:09]
hwnYpOhO
65.212.180.*** Handbags [2008-05-11 17:09]
hwnYpOhO
65.212.180.*** Michelin [2008-05-11 17:09]
hwnYpOhO
65.212.180.*** Shoes [2008-05-11 17:09]
hwnYpOhO
65.212.180.*** Xbox [2008-05-11 17:09]
hwnYpOhO
61.132.51.*** time magazine covers [2008-05-15 14:01]
QnyALFMdYcH
61.132.51.*** 72 hours to return a car [2008-05-15 14:01]
QnyALFMdYcH
61.132.51.*** mcafee stinger [2008-05-15 14:02]
QnyALFMdYcH
64.192.5.*** skkymyj [2008-05-19 17:12]
cuAsSzmajSnc
82.179.112.*** Fence [2008-05-20 05:10]
KeLrQeCnMxAqTPYOl
208.46.77.*** average tennis serve spee [2008-05-20 09:30]
LhyTHzBM
203.158.221.*** sexmashin [2008-05-20 13:17]
HJKptyQZQaWVzn
89.2.196.*** vasamka [2008-05-21 01:26]
KiKNcWBrNcS
91.121.200.*** scottish football [2008-05-24 13:47]
pqwgiUYPJgbtNfG
85.91.82.*** scottish football [2008-05-24 13:47]
pqwgiUYPJgbtNfG
85.91.82.*** nfl fantasy football [2008-05-24 13:47]
pqwgiUYPJgbtNfG
85.91.82.*** essa soccer club [2008-05-24 13:47]
pqwgiUYPJgbtNfG
85.91.82.*** how to do soccer tricks [2008-05-24 13:47]
pqwgiUYPJgbtNfG
85.91.82.*** soccer t-shirts [2008-05-24 13:47]
pqwgiUYPJgbtNfG
80.76.124.*** zaeckids [2008-05-24 15:06]
WTsTmIpRU
212.219.211.*** cialis and levitra viagra [2008-05-26 02:34]
OWBSshfUhLaNNgPZOjv
203.162.2.*** cialis and levitra viagra [2008-05-26 02:35]
OWBSshfUhLaNNgPZOjv
221.255.206.*** adult [2008-05-28 08:24]
fkYJGzoI
221.255.206.*** amateur [2008-05-28 08:24]
fkYJGzoI
221.255.206.*** anal [2008-05-28 08:25]
fkYJGzoI
221.255.206.*** blowjob [2008-05-28 08:25]
fkYJGzoI
221.255.206.*** cunnilingus [2008-05-28 08:25]
fkYJGzoI
221.255.206.*** fisting [2008-05-28 08:25]
fkYJGzoI
203.162.2.*** brittany dog [2008-05-29 12:17]
ZWjhETMFkKfHdQgB
221.120.250.*** it project communication [2008-05-31 18:20]
eZTyzBSXuDan
221.120.250.*** best freeware utilities [2008-05-31 18:20]
eZTyzBSXuDan
221.120.250.*** paper plate holder [2008-05-31 18:20]
eZTyzBSXuDan
221.120.250.*** x files movie [2008-05-31 18:20]
eZTyzBSXuDan
221.120.250.*** orange county utilities o [2008-05-31 18:20]
eZTyzBSXuDan
91.121.200.*** leon felipe [2008-06-02 10:46]
QebPrxTNGHoiao
91.121.200.*** leon felipe [2008-06-02 10:46]
QebPrxTNGHoiao
221.120.250.*** leon felipe [2008-06-02 10:46]
QebPrxTNGHoiao
221.120.250.*** cheats for pokemon yellow [2008-06-02 10:46]
QebPrxTNGHoiao
221.120.250.*** yellow stone [2008-06-02 10:46]
QebPrxTNGHoiao
221.120.250.*** ponce de leon explorer [2008-06-02 10:46]
QebPrxTNGHoiao
221.120.250.*** leon russell wedding albu [2008-06-02 10:46]
QebPrxTNGHoiao
61.132.253.*** ten 2 five you [2008-06-04 10:17]
QESkuiEjohFuVxwC
61.132.253.*** pop up tent trailers [2008-06-04 10:17]
QESkuiEjohFuVxwC
61.132.253.*** littlest pet shop . com [2008-06-04 10:18]
QESkuiEjohFuVxwC
61.132.253.*** ice cream cupcakes [2008-06-04 10:18]
QESkuiEjohFuVxwC
61.132.253.*** the last ten winners 1998 [2008-06-04 10:18]
QESkuiEjohFuVxwC
194.153.232.*** cari [2008-06-06 21:40]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** college [2008-06-06 21:40]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** copper [2008-06-06 21:40]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** crim [2008-06-06 21:41]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** degree [2008-06-06 21:41]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** forex [2008-06-06 21:41]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** nurse [2008-06-06 21:41]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** online [2008-06-06 21:41]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** scrub [2008-06-06 21:41]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** stet [2008-06-06 21:41]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** cari [2008-06-06 21:41]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** college [2008-06-06 21:41]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** copper [2008-06-06 21:41]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** crim [2008-06-06 21:41]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** degree [2008-06-06 21:42]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** forex [2008-06-06 21:42]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** nurse [2008-06-06 21:42]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** online [2008-06-06 21:42]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** scrub [2008-06-06 21:42]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** stet [2008-06-06 21:42]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** cari [2008-06-06 21:42]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** college [2008-06-06 21:42]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** copper [2008-06-06 21:42]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** crim [2008-06-06 21:42]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** degree [2008-06-06 21:42]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** forex [2008-06-06 21:43]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** nurse [2008-06-06 21:43]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** online [2008-06-06 21:43]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** scrub [2008-06-06 21:43]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** stet [2008-06-06 21:43]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** cari [2008-06-06 21:43]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** college [2008-06-06 21:43]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** copper [2008-06-06 21:43]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** crim [2008-06-06 21:43]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** degree [2008-06-06 21:43]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** forex [2008-06-06 21:44]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** nurse [2008-06-06 21:44]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** online [2008-06-06 21:44]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** scrub [2008-06-06 21:44]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** stet [2008-06-06 21:44]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** cari [2008-06-06 21:44]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** college [2008-06-06 21:44]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** copper [2008-06-06 21:45]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** crim [2008-06-06 21:45]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** degree [2008-06-06 21:45]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** forex [2008-06-06 21:45]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** nurse [2008-06-06 21:45]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** online [2008-06-06 21:45]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** scrub [2008-06-06 21:45]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** stet [2008-06-06 21:46]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** cari [2008-06-06 21:46]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** college [2008-06-06 21:46]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** copper [2008-06-06 21:46]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** crim [2008-06-06 21:46]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** degree [2008-06-06 21:46]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** forex [2008-06-06 21:46]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** nurse [2008-06-06 21:46]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** online [2008-06-06 21:46]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** scrub [2008-06-06 21:46]
dkezCGvzAJ
194.153.232.*** stet [2008-06-06 21:46]
dkezCGvzAJ
92.48.106.*** pkiwbkcx [2008-06-07 05:47]
dDxoTQdxKqjFYwzfPBA
92.48.106.*** speed up my computer [2008-06-08 17:07]
gwaiFOysvkhzpzI
92.48.106.*** buy used books [2008-06-08 17:07]
gwaiFOysvkhzpzI
92.48.106.*** english currency [2008-06-08 17:07]
gwaiFOysvkhzpzI
92.48.106.*** free excel inventory prog [2008-06-08 17:07]
gwaiFOysvkhzpzI
92.48.106.*** maya 6.0 full serial numb [2008-06-08 17:07]
gwaiFOysvkhzpzI
92.48.106.*** money transfer [2008-06-08 17:07]
gwaiFOysvkhzpzI
92.48.106.*** college education [2008-06-08 17:07]
gwaiFOysvkhzpzI
92.48.106.*** recipe for apple pie [2008-06-08 17:07]
gwaiFOysvkhzpzI
92.48.106.*** summary of global legal i [2008-06-08 17:07]
gwaiFOysvkhzpzI
92.48.106.*** texas trailers [2008-06-11 06:56]
unLqrCSVZjdpgvmSlN
92.48.106.*** anniversary quotes [2008-06-11 06:56]
unLqrCSVZjdpgvmSlN
92.48.106.*** laughter is the best medi [2008-06-11 06:57]
unLqrCSVZjdpgvmSlN
92.48.106.*** meadwestvaco environment [2008-06-11 06:57]
unLqrCSVZjdpgvmSlN
92.48.106.*** one tree hill quotes [2008-06-11 06:57]
unLqrCSVZjdpgvmSlN
92.48.106.*** prehistory evolution [2008-06-11 06:57]
unLqrCSVZjdpgvmSlN
92.48.106.*** discount philosophy cosme [2008-06-11 06:57]
unLqrCSVZjdpgvmSlN
92.48.106.*** accident photos [2008-06-11 06:57]
unLqrCSVZjdpgvmSlN
92.48.106.*** herbs index [2008-06-11 06:57]
unLqrCSVZjdpgvmSlN
92.48.106.*** peach mango salsa recipe [2008-06-12 20:43]
hNjbPBjX
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-15 15:59]
bCUShLZV
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-15 16:00]
bCUShLZV
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-15 16:00]
bCUShLZV
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-15 16:00]
bCUShLZV
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-15 16:00]
bCUShLZV
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-15 16:00]
bCUShLZV
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-15 16:00]
bCUShLZV
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-15 16:00]
bCUShLZV
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-15 16:00]
bCUShLZV
125.173.226.*** mortal kombat mythologies [2008-06-16 15:31]
kJwKLuEtRJZMtYtPAr
125.173.226.*** nolan ryan baseball card [2008-06-16 15:31]
kJwKLuEtRJZMtYtPAr
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:03]
moxCpxgMre
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:03]
moxCpxgMre
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:04]
moxCpxgMre
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:04]
moxCpxgMre
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:04]
moxCpxgMre
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:04]
moxCpxgMre
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:04]
moxCpxgMre
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:04]
moxCpxgMre
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:04]
moxCpxgMre
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:04]
moxCpxgMre
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:04]
moxCpxgMre
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:04]
moxCpxgMre
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:04]
moxCpxgMre
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:04]
moxCpxgMre
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:04]
moxCpxgMre
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:04]
moxCpxgMre
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:04]
moxCpxgMre
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:05]
moxCpxgMre
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:05]
moxCpxgMre
78.129.211.*** name [2008-06-17 12:05]
moxCpxgMre
203.158.221.*** chattanooga tennessee fre [2008-06-18 11:23]
OdLQYbRbL
203.158.221.*** usa passport renewal [2008-06-18 11:24]
OdLQYbRbL
78.157.143.*** lcd television repair [2008-07-06 16:45]
KvUrIsktFrDyUqaC
78.157.143.*** lcd television repair [2008-07-06 16:45]
KvUrIsktFrDyUqaC
192.192.35.*** oYOIvspFKsGJsiM [2008-08-02 07:40]
fskaWozNqFir
203.158.221.*** investigating travel tour [2008-08-04 15:17]
FkItIexsUNB
66.98.152.*** career pressure [2008-08-04 15:18]
FkItIexsUNB
129.7.249.*** free guitar music [2008-08-05 20:11]
roGgeEtZNgR
129.7.249.*** actor john saxon [2008-08-05 20:11]
roGgeEtZNgR
203.158.221.*** kino cinema [2008-08-05 20:11]
roGgeEtZNgR
218.188.73.*** lake michigan car ferry [2008-08-05 20:12]
roGgeEtZNgR
203.158.221.*** lake michigan car ferry [2008-08-05 20:12]
roGgeEtZNgR
203.84.171.*** hacking my space [2008-08-05 20:13]
roGgeEtZNgR
41.220.227.*** outer banks weather [2008-08-09 10:24]
WjTAoDbE
218.188.73.*** qbmufvlbua [2008-08-12 07:03]
udmrCWdzlejYxh
203.158.221.*** qbmufvlbua [2008-08-12 07:03]
udmrCWdzlejYxh
200.63.42.*** nlbxhhtpped [2008-10-03 07:45]
xfZtWFIBF
78.6.133.*** jnibifpt [2009-09-11 13:39]
FvsCnxZyQvG
85.16.76.*** fgxapngu [2010-04-09 22:25]
BqNsWXxB
67.159.33.*** Prednisone for cats [2010-09-01 10:53]
http://village.homefriday.com.au/members/Buy-prednisone-for-cats-98.aspx
94.102.49.*** ylvvwwjcc [2010-09-05 22:59]
DcAMhwPnCgODluKeVPo
Write Quibble
Name Email
Quibble  

No Date View
Join the Ranks of Global Citizen Reporters (78) OhmyNews 06-11 11:14 5227 364 19
5109    no constitution to safeguard populace in Myanmar-every poor soul are no more than slaves (1) Josh 09-20 02:08 89 3 0
5108    Wishing the best for Stovall (19) Stevo 08-26 08:12 343 3 1
5107    DJ Kim: A Maestro of Comprador, Sellout, and Turncoat (3) Sojourner 08-19 04:58 102 4 1
5106    The South Korean President is so Boring (1) Stuart 08-13 11:48 83 3 0
5105    Non-flammable material invented (2) Sanghak Nam 08-06 22:07 48 3 0
5104    The Brotha-in-Chief ate crow again (3) pepe 08-01 05:51 89 3 0
5103    regret using the good for nothing, unreliable Microsoft Jeremiah 07-21 20:51 44 1 3
5102    Koreans Veer to the Right (4) n y c 07-14 22:01 93 0 3
5101    US comedian brings sanity and end of excuses (8) Stovall 07-04 14:28 62 3 0
5100    The choice the American made during the last 3 presidential election is destroying US (10) SecondComeback 07-03 00:31 53 0 2
5099    To atone the innocent blood of Neda, her wish must be granted by removing the terrorist Ahmadinejad (11) UNicep 06-23 00:49 47 3 0
      Time to re-install Shah monarchy that will take care of Iranian unlike the current tyranny (9) AnswerCall 06-24 12:04 41 0 3
        Believe in Mohamad married to Aisha, a 7 years old girl ? No such criminal among Israel prophets (42) TrueMessage 07-06 05:17 69 0 3
5096    Chinese police rescue trafficked kids straitstimes 06-22 16:56 39 4 0
5095    Deleted by Writer nyc 06-11 08:21 43 0 0
      Are you a Korean Gaedog? Gaedog 06-15 08:18 41 3 0
5093    Satan's follower Lama honored Paris Mayor with a HELL ticket in exchange for citizenship (4) HellBoundNation 06-08 16:16 69 0 3
      Lama outshines India his hideout as a celebrity though India backslides as a hopeless masterpiece actually 06-09 15:55 35 0 4
5091    North Korea jails U.S. journalists for 12 years (9) Stovall 06-08 14:25 70 0 3
5090    Indian Atrocity at its peak: Six Thousand Nepal citizens displaced (2) Durgalal KC 06-03 12:24 81 3 0
   1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9 . 10   


Ronda Hauben
 
Netizens Question Cause of Cheonan Tragedy
Michael Werbowski
 
[Opinion] Democracy's Downfall
Michael Solis
 
Arizona's Immigration Bill and Korea
Yehonathan Tommer
 
Assassination in Dubai
[ESL/EFL Podcast] Saying No
Seventeenth in a series of English language lessons from Jennifer Lebedev...
  [ESL/EFL] Talking About Change
  [ESL/ EFL Podcast] Personal Finances
  [ESL/EFL] Buying and Selling
How worried are you about the H1N1 influenza virus?
  Very worried
  Somewhat worried
  Not yet
  Not at all
    * Vote to see the result.   
KOREA WORLD SCI&TECH ART&LIFE ENTERTAINMENT SPORTS GLOBAL WATCH INTERVIEWS PODCASTS
  copyright 1999 - 2017 ohmynews all rights reserved. internews@ohmynews.com Tel:+82-2-733-5505,5595(ext.125) Fax:+82-2-733-5011,5077