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Iran Accepts UN Resolution 598
[Diary of a Vengeance Foretold] Part 17 - July 19, 1988
Ludwig De Braeckeleer (ludwig)     Print Article 
Published 2008-07-20 02:04 (KST)   

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UN SECRETARY GENERAL TO ANNOUNCE CEASE-FIRE


Tuesday, July 19, 1988

"Iran should now attract those countries who could become friends instead of alienating them, as it had done in the past."
--Iranian military chief Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani

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Security Council Resolution 598, which on this day in 1988 Iran said it had accepted, was adopted on July 20, 1987, as part of diplomatic efforts to end the war between Iran and Iraq. (The text of the resolution appears below.)

Rafsanjani said the shooting down of the Airbus had prompted a major review of Iran's war policy.

Letter to the UN

"As you are well aware, the fire of the war which was started by the Iraqi regime on 22 September 1980 through an aggression against the territorial integrity of the Islamic Republic of Iran has now gained unprecedented dimensions, bringing other countries into the war and even engulfing innocent civilians.

The killing of 290 innocent human beings, caused by the shooting down of an Airbus aircraft of the Islamic Republic of Iran by one of American warships in the Persian Gulf is a clear manifestation of this contention."

Back to the Present

Today, the defense for Abdelbasset al-Megrahi claims an identity parade lineup was unfair because of the way photos were shown to potential witnesses.

Margaret Scott Q.C. is seeking the expert opinion of University of California at Riverside professor Steve Clark, who specializes in identification procedures. However, Scott is currently denied access to these photos.

"It is unprecedented that I should have to ask judges to order the handover of the original photos," Scott said.

In fact, the judgment (짠 69) recognizes that Gauci never positively identified Megrahi. On Feb. 15, 1991, Gauci was shown 12 photos, among them a picture of Megrahi from his 1986 passport.

"Number eight [the photo of Megrahi] is similar to the man who bought the clothing. The hair is perhaps a bit long. The eyebrows are the same. The nose is the same. And his chin and shape of face are the same. The man in the photograph number eight is in my opinion in his thirty years.

"He would perhaps have to look about ten years, or more, older and he would look like the man who bought the clothes. It's been a long time now, and I can only say that this photograph eight resembles the man who bought the clothing, but it is younger," Gauci said.
Text of Resolution 598

THE SECURITY COUNCIL, REAFFIRMING its Resolution 582 (1986),

DEEPLY CONCERNED that, despite its calls for a cease-fire, the conflict between Iran and Iraq continues unabated, with further heavy loss of human life and material destruction,

DEPLORING the initiation and continuation of the conflict,

DEPLORING also the bombing of purely civilian population centers, attacks on neutral shipping or civilian aircraft, the violation of international humanitarian law and other laws of armed conflict, and in particular, the use of chemical weapons contrary to obligations under the 1925 Geneva Protocol,

DEEPLY CONCERNED that further escalation and widening of the conflict may take place,

DETERMINED to bring to an end all military actions between Iran and Iraq,

CONVINCED that a comprehensive, just, honorable and durable settlement should be achieved between Iran and Iraq,

RECALLING the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations, and in particular the obligation of all member states to settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security and justice are not endangered,

DETERMINING that there exists a breach of the peace as regards the conflict between Iran and Iraq,

ACTING under Articles 39 and 40 of the Charter of the United Nations,

1. DEMANDS that, as a first step towards a negotiated settlement, Iran and Iraq observe an immediate cease-fire, discontinue all military actions on land, at sea and in the air, and withdraw all forces to the internationally recognized boundaries without delay;

2. REQUESTS the Secretary General to dispatch a team of United Nations observers to verify, confirm and supervise the cease-fire and withdrawal and further requests the Secretary General to make the necessary arrangements in consultation with the parties and to submit a report thereon to the Security Council;

3. URGES that prisoners of war be released and repatriated without delay after the cessation of active hostilities in accordance with the Third Geneva Convention of 12 August 1949;

4. CALLS UPON Iran and Iraq to cooperate with the Secretary General in implementing this resolution and in mediation efforts to achieve a comprehensive, just and honorable settlement, acceptable to both sides, of all outstanding issues, in accordance with the principles contained in the Charter of the United Nations;

5. CALLS UPON all other states to exercise the utmost restraint and to refrain from any act which may lead to further escalation and widening of the conflict, and thus to facilitate the implementation of the present resolution;

6. REQUESTS the Secretary General to explore, in consultation with Iran and Iraq, the question of entrusting an impartial body with inquiring into responsibility for the conflict and to report to the Security Council as soon as possible;

7. RECOGNIZES the magnitude of the damage inflicted during the conflict and the need for reconstruction efforts, with appropriate international assistance, once the conflict is ended and, in this regard, requests the Secretary General to assign a team of experts to study the question of reconstruction and to report to the Security Council;

8. FURTHER REQUESTS the S.G. to examine, in consultation with Iran and Iraq and with other states of the region, measures to enhance the security and stability of the region;

9. REQUESTS the Secretary General to keep the Security Council informed on the implementation of this resolution;

10. DECIDES to meet again as necessary to consider further steps to ensure compliance with this resolution.
References

"Basis for an End to Persian Gulf Fighting: Security Council Resolution 598," July 19, 1988.

"U.S. Welcomes Move by Teheran and Hints Gulf Fleet Could Be Cut," July 19, 1988.

"Text of Iranian Letter to U.N.," July 19, 1988.

--

Ludwig De Braeckeleer has a Ph.D. in nuclear sciences. Ludwig teaches physics and international humanitarian law. He blogs on "The GaiaPost."
©2008 OhmyNews
Other articles by reporter Ludwig De Braeckeleer

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