2014-10-22 22:49 KST  
  RSS
Global Voices Online - The world is talking. Are you listening?
JapanFocus
Arniko, the Great Architect From Nepal
Unfortunately for Nepalis he became the pride of China
Ram Hari Sapkota (rajusharma)     Email Article  Print Article 
Published 2006-02-17 11:50 (KST)   
Araniko
©2006 Ramhari
Nepal's temples, stupas, and many more structures are examples of this nation being a former leader in architecture.

Today's generation sees Nepal as a poor country lacking high-tech and engineering skills. But Nepal's past shows skilled manpower and a highly developed society. One example of this skilled manpower is Arniko, the greatest architect of Nepalese history.

Arniko was forced to live in China, where he drew great respect. He made lots of sculptural works which are still a great asset of China.

Nepalese author Satya Mohan Joshi who has researched Arniko said his works in China are really a great challenge to modern engineering. The works he did in the 13th century are unbelievable.

Nepalese history doesn't have any proof of where in Nepal Arniko grew up. But Joshi claims Arniko was from Patan, a famous place for sculpture.

Many Nepali architects made statues of special historical importance. However, Arniko was the only one who became famous not only in Nepal but also in Tibet, China, Mongolia and as far as Indonesia.

During Arniko's time, renowned Mongol emperor Kublai Khan was a great lover of art and architecture.

He wanted to build a golden stupa (a Buddhist shrine) in Lhasa for his teacher Pags-pa. In 1260, he decided to ask Nepal to send a skilled architect to supervise the work.

Lasha Durbar
©2006 Ramhari
At that time, Jaya Bhim Dev Malla was the king of Nepal. When he asked for an architect to go to Lhasa, more than 80 people showed their interest.

The king had a great difficulty in selecting the most skilled artist to lead the mission. Finally, Arniko came forward and said that he was ready to do the job.

The king did not believe Arniko at first, as he was quite a young man. However, looking at his skill, the king made him the leader and sent him to Lhasa where he eventually built a beautiful pagoda-style monastery.

He carried out his work so well that the emperor's teacher Pags-pa requested he meet the emperor. Kublai Khan wanted to test him. Therefore, he asked young Araniko to repair a copper statue of a Sung emperor. When Arniko finished, the statue looked so perfect that even the most skilled artists of China greatly admired him.

Araniko through his works proved that he was an uncommon genius. He was equally good at painting, sculpture and architecture. He painted a series of portraits of Chinese emperors and impressed everyone there. By 1247, he was given a silver plate to wear with an image of tiger on it. The emperor became very fond of him and gave him the title "Duke of Liang" as an honor.

The white pagoda or the Pai Ta Sze in Beijing still today stands as the great work of Arniko. The other famous work by Arniko is the Archway of Yungtang. Its design exactly follows the Nepalese style.

Although Arniko married in China and died in there in 1306, he was a Nepali. The story of his success is highly admired in China.
©2006 OhmyNews
Other articles by reporter Ram Hari Sapkota

Add to :  Add to Del.icio.usDel.icio.us |  Add to Digg this Digg  |  Add to reddit reddit |  Add to Y! MyWeb Y! MyWeb

Ronda Hauben
 
Netizens Question Cause of Cheonan Tragedy
Michael Werbowski
 
[Opinion] Democracy's Downfall
Michael Solis
 
Arizona's Immigration Bill and Korea
Yehonathan Tommer
 
Assassination in Dubai
[ESL/EFL Podcast] Saying No
Seventeenth in a series of English language lessons from Jennifer Lebedev...
  [ESL/EFL] Talking About Change
  [ESL/ EFL Podcast] Personal Finances
  [ESL/EFL] Buying and Selling
How worried are you about the H1N1 influenza virus?
  Very worried
  Somewhat worried
  Not yet
  Not at all
    * Vote to see the result.   
KOREA WORLD SCI&TECH ART&LIFE ENTERTAINMENT SPORTS GLOBAL WATCH INTERVIEWS PODCASTS
  copyright 1999 - 2014 ohmynews all rights reserved. internews@ohmynews.com Tel:+82-2-733-5505,5595(ext.125) Fax:+82-2-733-5011,5077